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Eucharia Anunobi Loses Son To Sickle Anaemia

de Dallas Northcote
Dallas Northcote
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- Miercuri, 13 Septembrie 2017
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Nollywood actress, Eucharia Anunobi has lost her only son, Raymond to sickle cell anemia.

According to multiple sources, the 15-year-old gave up the ghost on Tuesday morning, August 22.


Raymond who she had with her ex-husband, Charles Ekwu, in 2002, has been with Sickle Cell Anemia from birth.

This Is Why Eucharia Anunobi Has Blasted General Overseers Of Churches In Nigeria

She had recently revealed that she regretted having the son out of wedlock;


"It was not a deliberate choice that I have made. It came by chance, it came by mistake. God does not kill His children who have made mistakes. He would rather sustain them and tell them that He is the owner of all things. The Lord has been sustaining me as a single parent. I don’t think about it, all I know is, ‘God, you are the one that created me and the child that you gave to me’. So whatever that is needed of me, it was a wrong choice that I made," she said.

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Entertainment / Views

de Joshua Chipper
Joshua Chipper
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- Miercuri, 13 Septembrie 2017
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Aisha Buhari Returns To London

de Joshua Chipper
Joshua Chipper
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- Marți, 12 Septembrie 2017
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Telecommunications operators have lamented diminishing revenue caused by the operations of Over-the-Top Platforms (OTT).


The Chairman of the Association of Licensed Telecommunications Operators of Nigeria (ALTON), Gbenga Adebayo disclosed the position of the group at the weekend in Lagos.

He listed the platforms as Skype, Whatsapp, Wechat, Facebook, Viber and IMO.

Quoting an independent analyst and consultancy firm, OVUM, he said customers’ growing adoption of OTT, instead of the traditional telecoms services, was impacting negatively on them.


According to him, OTT operations have created a global revenue loss of $386 billion for the telecoms operators from 2012 to 2018, adding that they were also endangering their network development.


He said the OTT platforms utilise traditional Mobile Network Operator (MNO) infrastructure to drive huge advertising revenues.


Adebayo said the challenges posed by the OTTs were not limited to Nigeria alone, as operators globally were also losing billions of dollars to them yearly.


The Guardian learnt that in Nigeria, OTT’s operations had slashed the revenues of telecoms players by nine per cent.


Meanwhile, the NCC Executive Commissioner, Stakeholders Management, Sunday Dare has asked the operators to look inward and be innovative, rather than lamenting.


"Operators need to be more innovative and stop complaining. We understand the challenges, but the NCC does not regulate technology," he said.


Dare also linked the drop in active subscriptions in Nigeria by 10 million in the first half of the year, to the consolidation of technology.


He said: "People are dropping their multiple SIM cards and phones because they can now do so many things using one phone. For instance, if there is no credit on a phone, one could easily make free calls using Whatsapp and the rest. So, it is high time for the telecoms operators to do something innovative."


He stressed that the co-operative model being developed by operators may necessitate special data bundles.


"We support innovative solutions by operators to minimise impact of disruptive platforms in the best interests of consumers and industry sustainability.


"Security issues need to be addressed. Due to Lawful Interception (LI) reasons, OTT players would not open up their services and that poses a huge security risk," he said.

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Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park In Jamaica

de Jacquie Gerste
Jacquie Gerste
Jacquie Gerste nu și-a scris biografia încă
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- Vineri, 08 Septembrie 2017
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Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park(pronounced A-be-o-ku-ta*) is located a few yards off the Dean’s Valley Road in Westmoreland. The centerpiece of this rustic eco-tourism destination is an almost Olympic-sized pool which is fed by water that is channeled via an aqueduct from the nearby Sweet River.


Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park took its name from the community of Abeokuta, which in turn got its name from the city in southwest Nigeria. When the Yorubas, who came to Jamaica as indentured workers, arrived in this part of Westmoreland, they thought it looked so much like the Abeokuta they had left behind that they gave it the same name. Abeokuta is part of the old Dean’s Valley Water Works Estate, a sugar plantation that at one time covered 2,200 acres.

Abeokuta’s pool

The estate changed hands many times and eventually became known as Dean’s Valley, which is also the name of the community. The adjoining community took the name Water Works.


I grew up not far from the Dean’s Valley / Water Works area and knew of ‘Bekuta,’ as everyone calls it, but had no idea then of its significance. Later, I would hear that Dr. Olive Lewin, O.D., cultural anthropologist and musicologist, now deceased, had found and recorded the music of people there who spoke an African language. I was intrigued that anyone in Jamaica had preserved their native language and wanted to know more. I didn’t know then that Africans had come to the island as indentured workers after the abolition of slavery.


One night as my mom and I watched a documentary that was based on Laura Tanna’s book, Jamaican Folktales and Oral Histories, she screamed and pointed to the screen. Tanna had interviewed several residents of Abeokuta, and recorded their stories. My mom had recognized one of the interviewees whose name I’ve now forgotten but who I’m sure has passed on.

Abeokuta Finds New Owners

In 1980, part of Dean’s Valley, which included Abeokuta, was sold and two years later passed by descent to Owen Banhan, one of the new owner’s sons.

"Daddy" Banhan

According to Owen, known as Daddy, it took several months for him to clear the almost 15-acre property of thick brush. Once cleared, he and his wife made a surprising discovery — the ruins of the 18th century Dean’s Valley Great House, the pool and aqueduct.


Seeing how the nearby Roaring River Park had been transformed into an eco-tourism spot, the Banhans set out to do the same at the place they christened Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park.

Taking a dip

The Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park was opened officially in January, 2003 by Florentina Adenike Ukonga, who was then the high commissioner of Nigeria to Jamaica.


It was after reading about the opening that I visited Abeokuta and met Daddy and his family. I’ve been back several times, the latest last weekend.

On a clear day, you can see Negril from here

Much has changed as Daddy continues to prepare the property to accommodate the increasing number of visitors and locals who come to enjoy this peaceful oasis with sweeping views of Westmoreland. On a clear day, you could see as far as Negril, which is about 26 miles away.

Aqueduct leading to Sweet River

Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park is garden of ginger lilies, ferns, taro plants, croton, palms, thickets of bamboo, etc. Nature lovers can follow the aqueduct to the source of the river, a leisurely 15 minute walk away. It is from here that they can view the rock that reminded the Yorubas of Olumo Rock, which had provided their ancestors refuge at the other Abeokuta.

Fish pedicure anyone?

For those who can’t or don’t want to swim, the pool offers another option: a fish pedicure. Dip your feet into the water — it’s a bit cool — and an inch-long carp, known as the doctor fish, will begin to feed on the dead skin on your feet. It tickles at first and the fish disperse at the slightest movement, but if you sit still long enough, you’ll enjoy a temporary exfoliating treatment.

Fish pedicure

Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park is open daily from 9 - 6 p.m. It’ll cost you $5 to enter, $4 for a guided nature walk. If you’d like to stay for lunch, that will be another $8, $10 if you prefer to have fish. Prices are in US dollars.

If you want to read more on Abeokuta, check out:

Rock it Over: The Folk Music of Jamaica, Dr. Olive Lewin
Jamaican Folktales and Oral Histories, Laura Tanna


* Nigerian author, Wole Soyinka who was born in Abeokuta, Nigeria, visited Abeokuta, Westmoreland in the 1990s. I remember seeing a video of him on television pronouncing the name, which is how I call it now. I searched online but couldn’t find the clip.

Watch "A Day at Abeokuta Nature Paradise Park, Jamaica" on YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mUX-2NplE7A


https://m.facebook.com/Abeokutajamaica/photos/a.404780909548246.116485.404760172883653/859027847456881/?type=1&source=44&refid=17
3 Likes Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Lushore1: 3:16pm On May 14, 2015 More pictures...
2 Likes Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Lushore1: 3:18pm On May 14, 2015 More pictures....


Watch "Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park - Dean Valley Water Works, Jamaica - To book call 877-651-7867" on YouTube


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lz4BlKFKdUQ
2 Likes Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Lushore1: 3:59pm On May 14, 2015 I know what you’re thinking right now,Abeokuta in Jamaica? How come?


The Abeokuta Private Nature Park is a Heritage, Health and Eco-Tourist Attraction located in Dean’s Valley Westmoreland Jamaica, commissioned on the 5th of January 2003 by the Nigerian High Commissioner, Her Excellency Florentina Ukonga. The 13 acres natural park is a sight to behold, in beauty and with a hill that oversees an original "plantation farm" that was once home to black slaves some hundred’s of years ago.


At the Abeokuta park is one of the oldest swimming pool in Jamacica,the pool which goes back to over 300 years ago, with near Olympic dimensions being 71ft long and 47ft wide ranging from 4 to 10 feet in depth.
The relationship between the Abeokuta Nature Park and Abeokuta in Ogun State (Nigeria) was a direct link over 300 years ago when the first slaves that were taken to the Parish of Westmoreland were brought to this Plantation from Abeokuta, Nigeria. The Park also has its own "Olumo Rock", a almost typical size to the one here in Nigeria.


A nature park that stands on its own, in beauty, size and a pleasure to the eyes. Its natural therapeutic value has been why thousands of people all around the world always go to the resort. Among famous Nigerians who have been to the park include, Former Nigeria President,Olusegun Obasanjoand Prof.Wole Soyinka.


http://asirimagazine.com/testtemplate/diasporabuzzthe-beauty-of-the-abeokuta-in-jamaica/
10 Likes 2 SharesRe: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Lushore1: 4:04pm On May 14, 2015 Abeokuta Nature Park


The town of Abeokuta, Nigeria is directly linked to Abeokuta, Jamaica for over three hundred years. This occurred when the first slaves that were taken to the Parish of Westmoreland were brought to this Plantation from Abeokuta, Nigeria. The Park itself occupies 13 acres of land on a hill that was the original Plantation Yard. The remains of the Great House still stand magnificently fashioned from pure cut 2' thick stone. On the property is the oldest swimming pool in Jamaica which goes back three hundred years, with near Olympic dimensions being 71ft long and 47ft wide ranging from 4 to 10 feet in depth. There is a rope swing too!


Mineral Water is supplied to this historic pool and a "Kiddie Pool" via an aqueduct ¼ mile long. Beginning at the riverhead, water flows constantly and ends in two separate waterfalls. The therapeutic value of the Mineral Water has been highly touted in the relief of Arthritis as well as muscle or bone problems due to the concentration of Iron, Calcium, Chloride, Magnesium and several other natural minerals.


The view from Abeokuta Private Nature Park is quite spectacular and breathtaking due to the "bird's eye" altitude encompassing the distant ocean, spreading fields of sugar cane.


http://abeokuta.coolnegril.com/
3 Likes 1 ShareRe: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Lushore1: 4:22pm On May 14, 2015 I remember that sometime ago, I made a promise to my readers that I will be reproducing Wole Soyinka’s (Bros Kongi) historical analysis of a slave settlement in Jamaica called BEKUTA. I am with this publication now fulfilling my promise.


The story of BEKUTA as told by Bros Kongi is contained in his book "YOU MUST SET FOURTH AT DAWN - MEMOIRS" published by BOOKCRAFT.


As a lawyer, I know the legal implications of the following: "All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part, in any form".


What I am doing from today is in total breach of the above. I know however that the Nobel Laureate Wole Soyinka a.k.a. "Bros Kongi" will not jail me for this. And neither will he carpet the Nigerian Tribune. It is ever on Bros Kongi’s mind that the Nigerian Tribune was founded by the sage Papa Obafemi Awolowo in 1949. It is equally instructive that Professor Wole Soyinka had the following to say on Papa Obafemi Awolowo on page 10 of "YOU MUST SET FOURTH AT DAWN" while talking on his friend, the late Professor Ojetunji Aboyade:-


"Oje had been my Vice-Chancellor at the University of Ife - later renamed Obafemi Awolowo University after the death of that politician and sage, Obafemi Awolowo, a first generation nationalist of Yoruba stock who never lost his political fire until his death in 1987".


With the above settled, Nigerians will like the story Wole Soyinka has told about BEKUTA in his book. The Wole Soyinka book is a book that contains all that must be said about Nigeria since 1914. Those who are preparing a centenary celebration of the amalgamation of Nigeria must read this book. It is a book of history. It is a documentation that will make Nigerians know the events of their existence as citizens of the country called Nigeria. YOU MUST SET FOURTH AT DAWN - MEMOIRS of Wole Soyinka is certainly a must read for all Nigerians. I am about reading it again for a fourth time.


We will serialize the BEKUTA story on this page and except for the interlude next week to write about Papa Obafemi Awolowo’s post humous birthday, we will continue with the serialization until we finish with the BEKUTA story in March. I wish you all a happy reading:-


BEKUTA AS TOLD BY WOLE SOYINKA
"In 1990 - in my mental calendar, the Year of Mandela’s Release - when he made Jamaica one of his first stopping points for his reunion with the living world, I made a startling discovery on that same island. If Mandela was retrieving the space of freedom on a global scale, I was also discovering a micro-world that was founded in freedom. Thus did I embark on a pilgrimage that would begin as sentimental, and evolve into a morbid attachment.


The timing of my presence in Kingston, Jamaica, with Mandela’s - even though we never did meet on that soil - imbued my discovery with an indefinable sense of augury. But then, let it be recalled that, like a large portion of the world, I had carried the Calvary of Nelson Mandela and the struggle against Apartheid South Africa on my shoulders for longer than its continental replacement, the horror of an Abacharised Nigerian nation. Apart from participating in the mandatory FREE MANDELA marches, disinvestment campaigns, lecture sessions, a UN anti-sanction-busting commission, etc. etc, I had presented an early student play at the London Royal Court Theatre - the Invention - on the insanities of the Apartheid system. Decades after that production, I titled a collection of my poems Mandela’s Earth and Other Poems and, it seemed the most appropriate gesture, as I prepared for Stockholm in 1986, to dedicate my Nobel acceptance speech to him. (That was the speech in which, to my eternal chagrin, I listed Montesquieu among the contributors to European racist thinking - may the shade of Montesquieu find it in his ancestral heart to forgive that libel!).


To find myself again in Kingston on a lecture engagement in 1990, for the first time in nearly fifteen years, just as the entire city was emptying itself out for Mandela, was already more than sufficient. It was a symbolic gift that I regarded as personal, not shared with the millions of ecstatic hordes that had laboured for, and now celebrated his freedom. To discover a portion of my own homeland in that far-off place at the same time - now, that was a miracle that could only be wrought by a Mandelan avatar!


For it was only on this visit, my second ever to that island, that I was made aware of a slave settlement called Bekuta, a name that immediately resonated in my head as none other than the name of my hometown, Abeokuta. This centuries-wide reunion with my own history sent a tingle down my vertebrae - an encounter with descendants from my own hometown, Abeokuta, on a far-flung Caribbean island, in the hills of a once slave settlement called Jamaica?


The group of slave descendants who founded the settlement, in flight from the lowland plantations, had sought out a hilly terrain that would prove near impenetrable for their pursuing owners, but one that would also remind them of home. They found it in the county of Westmoreland and settled among its rockhills, naming it Abeokuta. Ade Adefuye, the Nigerian High Commissioner in the West Indies had already become acquainted with this history and could not wait to arrange a visit. What was only an academic, though exciting, discovery for him and others was, in my case, a most affecting experience. I found it strange indeed that, during my first visit to Jamaica in 1976, for CARIFESTA - the Caribbean Festival of the Arts - no one had thought to mention the existence of this settlement, or propose that we pay it a visit!


A famous Nigerian, now also deceased, had preceded me on this voyage of a private discovery, I was informed. This was Fela Sowande, a composer, but a totally different spirit from his younger and more famous namesake, the ‘Afro-beat King’ and iconoclast, Fela Anikulapo Kuti. Sowande had been completely overwhelmed - he broke down in tears. This older cousin would exact his emotional revenge on me some years later, unintentionally, for it was his symphony - Obangiji, based on melodies from our common birthplace - which, unexpectedly swarming out of violin and cello stings of the Swedish orchestra on the Stockholm stage, as I moved forward to receive the Nobel award - nearly succeeded in making me a victim of the shamelessness of tear ducts. It was a brief, but tense struggle! The rockhills of origin stood me in good stead but, it could have gone the other way. (The horror of it - the immediately pressed, ribboned and sashed master of ceremonies, the Swedish Prime Consort himself, compelled to lend me his handkerchief!) Really, the Stockholm ceremonials should not spring such surprises on middle-aged susceptibilities!


As the island slowly recovered from the hangover of Mandela’s visit, I could not wait to answer the call of Bekuta. There, I encountered one of my yet living ancestors, the oldest inhabitant of the settlement, frail, as one would expect a being of over a hundred years to be. Now, let no one dare tell me I do not know an Egba face when I see one! The parchment tautness of her face, the unmistakable features of the Egba death-mask, captured so immutably in Demas Nwoko’s painting Ogboni, attested her origins distinctly against any skeptical voices. Not much motion was left in her body, else her body rhythm, I was certain, would have reinforced what her face pronounced. As she became bedridden, she ordered her bed moved to the window that overlooked the rockhills. Now, all she sought was that her eyes would open and close on those rocks, dawn and dusk, until her final moment.


She was the sole survivor of the original settlers. Her voice was still remarkably strong. Did I imagine the unmistakable Egba twang in her Jamaican patois? Of course I did, but what a conceit to let linger in the resounding chambers of one’s head! Oh yes, the real name is A-be-o-ku-ta - never did music sound so tanned, so ancestral in authority - but it gradually became corrupted to Bekuta. I tell them all the time - the name is A-be-o-ku-ta, but how many of them can remember that! They don’t even remember what it means, not less I remind them. I was a child when we came here. When our people dance for you and cook you fufu, ewedu, jogi and other foods from home, no one come tell you that we descendants of slaves from A-be-o-ku-ta. But yes, much has been lost. The government help a little, they come here sometimes, bring visitors, and the local council preserve our history by staging shows every year. We observe the seasons of the gods…. "Sango, Obatala, Ogun"…we used to have a babalawo, but I don’t think anyone remember how to read Ifa anymore… some of the children go away and never return…. In fact, the best dancers are the older ones, they the ones who keep our traditions alive. They teach their children, but the children not very interested. They only do these things when there are important visitors, so I don’t know what going happen when the older ones die off".


http://tribune.com.ng/news2013/index.php/en/politics/item/5778-wole-soyinka-s-bekuta-1.html
3 Likes Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by tpiadotcom: 4:31pm On May 14, 2015 why did you not add Jamaica to the thread title.
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Lushore1: 4:35pm On May 14, 2015 tpiadotcom:
why did you not add Jamaica to the thread title.


Fixed, thx....
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by tpiadotcom: 4:38pm On May 14, 2015 ^thanks.


i was a bit lost at first.
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Lushore1: 4:47pm On May 14, 2015 tpiadotcom:
^thanks.

i was a bit lost at first.

I felt thesame way when i first saw the article online..lol, but honestly jamaica has suddenly become top of the list of country to visit for my summer holiday....
1 Like Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by tpiadotcom: 5:00pm On May 14, 2015 Jamaica is a tourist destination.


Never been there though, maybe some day, maybe not.
1 Like Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by scholes0(m): 5:45pm On May 14, 2015 Looks beautiful and pristine
At first, I thought it was Abeokuta, Nigeria.
What is the motivation behind the naming?
2 Likes Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Lushore1: 6:03pm On May 14, 2015 scholes0:
Looks beautiful and pristine
At first, I thought it was Abeokuta, Nigeria.
What is the motivation behind the naming?


The town of Abeokuta, Nigeria is directly linked to Abeokuta, Jamaica for over three hundred years. This occurred when the first slaves that were taken to the Parish of Westmoreland were brought to this Plantation from Abeokuta, Nigeria.


Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park took its name from the community of Abeokuta, which in turn got its name from the city in southwest Nigeria. When the Yorubas, who came to Jamaica as indentured workers, arrived in this part of Westmoreland, they thought it looked so much like the Abeokuta they had left behind that they gave it the same name. Abeokuta is part of the old Dean’s Valley W


4 Likes 1 ShareRe: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Lushore1: 6:21pm On May 14, 2015 More pictures...
3 Likes Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Nobody: 2:09am On May 15, 2015 Nice.I like Jamaican food..yum yum
1 Like Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by lastnogood(f): 7:30pm On May 15, 2015 This is where my mom's family in Jamaica come from, unfortunately we aren't descendants of Yorubas though!
1 Like Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by lastnogood(f): 8:17pm On May 15, 2015 Luckily I was with my grandma while liking thru this article. We descend from indentured workers who came from India to Jamaica.


I told my child's father that I feel a very close connection to him somehow even though we are from 2 different places. Now I know it wasn't just a feeling!!!
18 Likes Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Lushore1: 12:54am On May 16, 2015 lastnogood:
Luckily I was with my grandma while liking thru this article. We descend from indentured workers who came from India to Jamaica.


I live in Canada, so this is a round journey, and very ironically I'm expecting a child any day and her father is Yoruba.


Anyways, my mother's family is from Westmoreland , Sweet River to be exact. My grandmother said she was born in maylersfield, but grew up in sweet river and knows bekuta and dean's valley very well. My mother's father family is from that place as well.


I told my child's father that I feel a very close connection to him somehow even though we are from 2 different places. Now I know it wasn't just a feeling!!!


Good luck with your pregnancy and yea i believed we are all connected to each other somehow. Jamaica was not known by most people to have any cultural link with yoruba compare to cuba and brazil so it was a really surprice when i found the article.
7 Likes Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by tpiah11: 5:04pm On Oct 27, 2015 .
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by baby124: 6:22am On Jan 04, 2016 Interesting but nothing new. My grand father used to talk of relatives that went to Brazil as indentured servants, and they used to go back and forth. Nigerians have been traveling before and after slavery as free people. Not every Nigerian left Nigeria as slaves.


Even a friend's father talked about Yoruba's that went to the Caribbean as workers centuries ago. This was at least 8yrs ago. And he didn't mention Jamaica.
1 Like Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by IamOpemipo(m): 10:30amFp


Lalasticlala
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Keneking: 3:01pmJamaican franchise
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by apesinola001(m): 3:01pmNice one
1 Like Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by apesinola001(m): 3:02pmBeautiful
1 Like Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by sukkot: 3:04pmthese fat white people are ubiquitous. hedonistic pricks
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Demmzy15(m): 3:06pmJust look at how foreigners are trying to reconnect back to their roots, unlike some people trying to do attache by claiming to be Ugandan Jews!


**spits on their flatheeads**
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by JohnXcel: 3:06pmNice...


And great name too 'Abeokuta', Yoruba for 'Under the Rock'.
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Danielmoore(m): 3:06pmYoruba Brazil (Santeria) north Argentina Cuba Haiti
Igbo's Barbados Dominican republic southern USA
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Kobicove(m): 3:07pmHow interesting...they even have a dish that looks like jollof rice
Re: Abeokuta Paradise Nature Park in Jamaica by Danielmoore(m): 3:07pmYoruba Brazil (Santeria) north Argentina Cuba Haiti
Igbo's Barbados Dominican republic southern USA


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Circumcised Woman And Sex

de Dallas Northcote
Dallas Northcote
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- Vineri, 08 Septembrie 2017
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Circumcision is the traditional cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia or a partial injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons (WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA 1997). This procedure is usually carried out by a primitive circumciser days after birth to puberty. The core reason for this exercise, is deeply based in the effort to curb sexual desires, and conceptions about purity, modesty and beauty. Older women who see it as a form of honour, are scared that if their daughters are not circumcised, it would expose them to social rejections.
According to WHO, the procedure is generally tied to beliefs about acceptable sexual behaviour, meant to deter promiscuity and strip women of erotic desire or sexual enjoyment.
There are side effects health-wise depending on the method that is adopted. These could include infections, difficulty in urinating and passing of menstrual flow, chronic pain, the development of cysts, infertility, complications during childbirth, shock or even death. It can be a suppressed torture throughout the victim’s life. However, there are no known health gains.
Due to the taboo nature of lady’s sexuality, issues like this is most time ignored or overlooked. Women circumcision also referred to as Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), is a common practice in most African countries and few others outside the continent. Nigeria is not an exception as about one quarter of the ladies are circumcised. Though it has been banned in Nigeria since May 15th, 2015, efforts are still being made to create awareness about it and to help promote and build self esteem among victims.
Most circumcised women are strongly of the belief, that they cannot obtain any form of sexual pleasures and excitement. However, in some infibulated women, erectile structures that are responsible for achieving orgasm, have been tampered with. A woman has the moral justification to sexual health and also experience sexual pleasures for full psychological well being. Hence, a female mutilated person with sexual dysfunctions, are very free to seek cure by going for proper sexual therapy, and also get their men educated about female anatomy and sexual pleasures.
If a circumcised woman is not enjoying sex, it can be as a result of the following;
a) She is not excited enough, so spend quality time on foreplay.
b) There is tendency for her to be tense as such she does not contract the muscles around the vagina- practice relaxation exercise, exerts pressure and pretend you want to pee, feel how the vagina opens.
c) Lastly, the left over hymen can cause pain. So try to locate where the pain is, in order to manage it in the best way possible.
On a more lighter note, the best way to increase sexual pleasures for circumcised women is for them to know their bodies. They should take time to touch their bodies and discover other areas where they be easily aroused when touched and pass the information to their spouses.


Self touching can be carried out by the use of one’s fingers, or any sex toys. This act can increase greater sexual satisfaction, more sexual fantasies and greater ease in reaching sexual arousal and orgasm.


The simple truth is that, ladies who took their time to study as it partakes to the sex organs and how it functions,find it easier to achieve sexual connection with their spouses. In the same vein, a man who is well informed about the female body, will be able to figure out how to please his lady.


Studies have shown that, the above mechanism is a positive component in the structuring of female sexuality. Most women who have gone through circumcision, usually, complain of pain during mating, for some others, they find corpulation tiresome and unpleasant. A 2007 report by Sexual Medicine suggests that in many women who have been cut, some of the fundamental structures needed for orgasm remain intact and that most women in the study, reported being able to achieve orgasm as well as that of arousal and sexual satisfaction. It is all about the mindset. Most times, this can involve the women talking to their spouses about what works and what does not, in other words, the women should know their bodies, let there be more understanding and try to communicate more with your partner.

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Dogara And His Campaign Promises

de Joshua Chipper
Joshua Chipper
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- Vineri, 08 Septembrie 2017
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Politicians are Seldom known to think of tomorrow. It is usually a statement i will do so, however through a curious interplay of fate and favour, a glimmer of events indicating that all hope may not be lost in the hunger and thirst for those with the right quality who can break new grounds and open up edifying frontiers in our development space.


In our political climate, it is not usually a tea party to locate those with uncommon qualities who can combine the visionary statements with the politicians pedestrians footsteps.


This disposition perhaps accounts for the conclusion by many that at the root of the state woes are the problems of leadership yet, it will be uncharitable to refuse to discern beyond this bleak prism of somewhat resignation to fate in the architecture of society’s reconstruction.


Recently, politicians across Bauchi state and beyond accompanied Rt. Honourable Yakubu Dogara the member representing Dass, Tafawa Balewa and Bogoro federal constituency of Bauchi state who also double’s as the speaker house of representatives, federal republic of Nigeria to crisscross his constituency, in a bid to commission constituency projects which include hospitals equipped with drugs and vaccines, road constructions,rehabilitations and the provision of culverts and half bridges, constructions and rehabilitations of block of classrooms with modern learning and teaching materials as well as the provision of E-library with the state of the art equipment one in each of the three local governments areas that he represents.


In the political calculations of Bauchi State Dass, Tafawa Balewa and Bogoro are highly respected. Late Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa the first prime minster of the federal republic of Nigeria, late Baba Zagi Dass of the defunct Action group and later unity party of Nigeria UPN and the Great Baba Gonto of the defunct NCNC and later Nigeria people’s party NPP have made the Area today a political hot bed of not only Bauchi state but Nigeria as a whole. No wonder then that the emergence of a political icon like Rt Honourable Barrister Yakubu Dogora was not a surprise.


Leader’s like Yakubu Dogara are born, not made though some people argue this position yet, we are supposed to have been educated in a school system which teaches us the values of knowledge, conviction and willpower as instrument to shatter barriers and erect structures and institutions that will recognise society towards a better order, ironically, the geography of the way good things happen is akin to the proverbial manner a thief plies his trade stealthily without a soul to wisper.


Therefore there is no gain saying that Bauchi state needs men and women of value who seek quality service rather than premodial selfish interest, men and women who believe in the indissolubility, indivisibility and united Bauchi state as Honourable Yakubu Dogara epitomizes.


His track record of honesty, accountability commitment to true democracy remains a sterling quality of statesmanship, his leadership style portrays him as resolute, purposeful, brave and patriotic person who despite political reverse at a point, did not shake his faith in the political scene.

– DASS Wrote in from Abuja

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Lufthansa Goes On-line On Brief-haul, Mid-vary Flights

de Juan Kennedy
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- Vineri, 01 Septembrie 2017
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Passengers on Lufthansa and Austrian Airways may ship emails from a peak of 10,000 meters and likewise store on-line whereas flying, stream movies above the clouds – and all of that with broadband high quality.


These are improvements about to be launched on the 2 airways. Lufthansa and Austrian Airways will be capable of log on on shorter journeys too – as they've already been capable of do for a while on lengthy haul flights like on the Nigerian routes.


"This nice information signifies that passengers from Lagos, Abuja and Port Harcourt can join seamlessly to the web whereas touring to any vacation spot in Europe, Center East and Northern Africa", mentioned Mr Robin Sohdi, Lufthansa nation supervisor in Nigeria.


Final summer time, Lufthansa acquired the so-referred to as Supplemental Kind Certificate for the Airbus fleet A320 from the European Aviation Security Company (EASA) and efficiently concluded all the required preparation work. Now the subsequent stage of testing on Lufthansa and Austrian routes will begin, initially involving 5 aircraft in every case. Passengers who fly on these aircraft might be provided free Web use throughout this check section. The evaluation of the person behaviour will present the info essential to additional improve the service forward of its market launch.


Harry Hohmeister, member of the Board of Administrators of Deutsche Lufthansa AG and answerable for Hub Administration, mentioned: "I am happy that we will quickly provide broadband Web to our passengers on interior-European flights, giving them the prospect to have a seamless digital expertise. For the reason that launch of Lufthansa Flynet, it has been our objective to supply added worth on board to our prospects via innovation – and that additionally consists of our Web provision".


In the primary quarter of 2017, the variety of Lufthansa aircraft fitted out with Web entry will rise to round 20. One after the other, your entire Lufthansa A320 fleet is to be geared up with the newest superior know-how by the center of 2018.

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Venice Film Festival Offers Grit, Glamour And George Clooney

de Reagan Fizelle
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- Joi, 31 August 2017
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VENICE, Italy (AP) - The Venice Film Festival is kicking off the fall cinema season with searing drama, serious glamour and a crop of new movies vying for attention, awards and acclaim.

Thanks to its late-summer time slot, just ahead of rivals in Telluride and Toronto, the world's oldest cinema festival has become a key showcase for films hoping to dominate Hollywood's awards season. In recent years, Venice has been a launch-pad for Oscar winners including "Gravity, "Birdman," ''Spotlight" and "La La Land."

This year's edition opens Wednesday with Alexander Payne's "Downsizing," a science fiction-tinged drama starring Matt Damon as a man who hopes to minimize his problems by shrinking himself.

Workers give the finishing touches prior to the start of a of the 74th annual Venice International Film Festival, in Venice, Italy, Monday, Aug. 28, 2017. The festival runs from Aug. 30 to Sept. 9, 2017. (Ettore Ferrari/ANSA via AP)

Other films competing for the festival's top prize, the Golden Lion, include George Clooney-directed heist movie "Suburbicon"; Guillermo del Toro's fantastical "The Shape of Water"; Darren Aronofsky's secrecy-shrouded thriller "Mother!"; and Martin McDonagh's dark comedy "Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri."

Here's what to watch for at the 74th Venice Film Festival, which runs to Sept. 9:

GLAMOUR GALORE

Unspooling in one of Italy's most ravishing cities, the festival takes style and celebrity very seriously. Among the stars who will be whisked across the Venice lagoon by boat to walk the Palazzo del Cinema red carpet are Clooney, a festival favorite who has a house on nearby Lake Como.

He'll likely be joined by pal Damon, who stars in both "Suburbicon" and "Downsizing," which also features Kristen Wiig. Jennifer Lawrence is expected for the much-anticipated "Mother!", which also stars Javier Bardem. The Spanish star should also be on hand alongside Penelope Cruz for the drug-lord biopic "Loving Pablo."

An older generation of showbiz royalty will be well represented by stars including Judi Dench, Helen Mirren, Donald Sutherland and Michael Caine. Jane Fonda and Robert Redford star in the late-life romance "Our Souls at Night" and are being given lifetime-achievement awards by the festival.

GLOBAL CRISES

Several films in the lineup tackle the conflicts and divisions convulsing the world.

Chinese artist Ai Weiwei's documentary "Human Flow" travels to 23 countries as it tries to put a human face on the vast migrations unfolding around the world. Paul Schrader, who wrote "Taxi Driver," directs "First Reformed," featuring Ethan Hawke as a minister wrestling with his faith and the specter of environmental catastrophe.

Israel's Samuel Moaz, director of acclaimed war drama "Lebanon," returns with "Foxtrot," another story of conflict and loss. From China, Vivian Qu's "Angels Wear White" centers on sexual assault in a small provincial town.

It hasn't escaped comment that Qu is the only female director among 21 filmmakers in the festival's main competition. Debates about diversity and inclusion in the movie business are a long way from dying down.

THRILLS AND CHILLS

Once considered the preserve of B-movies, thrills have become respectable. The Venice competition brims with films that include elements of sci-fi, action and horror, including "Downsizing," ''The Shape of Water" and "Mother!"

Further jolts and shocks are promised by the Italian organized-crime series "Suburra"; S. Craig Zahler's bloody "Brawl in Cell Block 99," starring Vince Vaughn; and a 3-D version of Michael Jackson's "Thriller," screening alongside a 25th-anniversary documentary about the landmark video.

A CHANGING INDUSTRY

Technology and economics are transforming the film industry, and festivals like Venice are working hard to keep up.

Festival director Alberto Barbera has said he wants the lineup to provide "a perception of the future," rather than "a snapshot of the present or a souvenir selfie of our contemporary cinema."

One big change this year is the festival's first virtual reality competition, featuring 22 films and installations judged by a jury led by director John Landis. Barbera said VR, until recently considered little more than "the latest technological gimmick," looked set to "become one of the most colossal investments" for the cultural industry.

With the way films are funded, made, distributed and watched all in flux, the taste-maker role played by festivals like Venice makes them more powerful than ever.

Schrader, who has been making films since the 1970s, said advances in technology had let him make "First Reformed" twice as fast and at half the cost of a movie made just 10 or 15 years ago.

"That's the upside of the enormous freedom we've been given by technology in popüler film izle," he said. "The downside is thousands of films are getting made now that no one wants to see.

"The festivals are the new gatekeepers," he added. "We need these festival structures to process this tsunami of product."

___

Follow Jill Lawless on Twitter at website

Workers set up lighting at the Cinema Palace ahead of the 74th edition of the Venice Film Festival, at the Venice Lido, Italy, Monday, Aug. 28, 2017. The world's oldest cinema festival, which opens Wednesday, is kicking off the fall cinema season with searing drama, serious glamour and a crop of new movies vying for attention, awards and acclaim. (AP Photo/Domenico Stinellis)

A worker walks on a rooftop as he sets up lighting at the Cinema Palace ahead of the 74th edition of the Venice Film Festival, at the Venice Lido, Italy, Monday, Aug. 28, 2017. The world's oldest cinema festival, which opens Wednesday, is kicking off the fall cinema season with searing drama, serious glamour and a crop of new movies vying for attention, awards and acclaim. (AP Photo/Domenico Stinellis)

Workers set up lighting at the Cinema Palace ahead of the 74th edition of the Venice Film Festival, at the Venice Lido, Italy, Monday, Aug. 28, 2017. The world's oldest cinema festival, which opens Wednesday, is kicking off the fall cinema season with searing drama, serious glamour and a crop of new movies vying for attention, awards and acclaim. (AP Photo/Domenico Stinellis)

Venice Biennale President Paolo Baratta, right, and Mayor of Venice, Luigi Brugnaro pose prior to the start of a of the 74th annual Venice International Film Festival, in Venice, Italy, Monday, Aug. 28, 2017. The festival runs from Aug. 30 to Sept. 9, 2017. (Ettore Ferrari/ANSA via AP)

Police officers patrol the main area of the 74th annual Venice International Film Festival, in Venice, Italy, Monday, Aug. 28, 2017. The festival runs from Aug. 30 to Sept. 9, 2017. (Ettore Ferrari/ANSA via AP)
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Hip Pops Out

de Marjorie Ellison
Marjorie Ellison
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- Miercuri, 30 August 2017
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I have a thirteen yr old female pupil whose right aspect hip "pops" out and in while dancing. She says particularly when she tries to turn out more. What recommendation or strategies can I give her? Sincerely, Tasha

As long as there isn't any ache during the hip ‘pop' - I might suspect a muscular imbalance to how she is creating her turnout. The first logical place to examine is the tightness of her hip flexors, particularly the iliopsoas. Attempt having her spend a while stretching the iliopsoas then see if she feels extra hip freedom and fewer hip popping when she begins dancing. If that's the case - then encourage her to do the standing lunge or the runners lunge in between workouts or when she is waiting to maneuver throughout the floor.

Here is a picture of a sitting and hanging stretch for the hip flexors. You can also do a standing stretch in addition to a runners lunge.

My query is a straightforward one. Is a girl of 32 years too outdated to commence dancing? I'm bodily quite fit and strong. Nevertheless, I know that being fit and able to do an hour workout class isn't the same as being physically fit for dance. The kind of dancing that I'm referring to is modern/contemporary dance. I began taking classes just a few months in the past after I realized that popüler film izle it was dance that I wanted to pursue-I do know, it took me a while. I also discover that whenever I do any sort of dancing, I discover myself drawn to ballet kind actions: I'm at all times on my toes, I'm always doing leaps-even before I ever saw these movements being performed. Are these movements usually found in modern/contemporary dance strategies? Also, does it matter that I look fairly younger? Though I don't assume that me looking younger matters, I do look as if I'm in my early twenties. How much does age matter on this world? And final however not the least, what is an effective stretching training to be able to obtain a great side leg lift? Thanks, and I look forward to listening from you.

Nicole

The straightforward reply to your question about age and dancing is NO - it is never too outdated to start dancing! There's much research that's being carried out on how exercise can reverse the aging process, even if you begin in the latter decades of your life. Dance is a good selection for many as it focuses on constructing strength and flexibility.

How much does age matter is an interesting question. To cite Jack Benny, "Age is strictly a case of mind over matter. When you don't mind, it doesn't matter." I'll admit to usually feeling that more mature dancers are more fascinating to watch. For me athleticism without that special spark or connection is just not as engaging. Mature dancers have more to do with life experience than age in years. What I do know is our bodies in addition to our brains are plastic, meaning there's constant change going on. If dancing brings you happiness and pleasure - then it's doing good things for you!

As far as your query about good stretching workout routines to attain a side leg lift I might focus on stretching the hamstring muscular tissues in the back of the leg from the standing position.

Have a wonderful weekend!

Deborah
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Ludovic Orban, huiduit în Piața Universității

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- Marți, 17 Ianuarie 2012
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Ludovic Orban PNLOrban a apărut în piață seara, după ora 21.00, însoțit de un grup de persoane. Manifestanții nu l-au întâmpinat însă cu entuziasm, ci cu huiduieli și cu scandări: "PDL-USL, aceeaşi mizerie". Un grup de tineri protestatari i-a reproșat că este la fel ca toți ceilalți politicieni, i-a transmis că locul său nu e în Piața Universității și nu s-a lăsat impresionat de argumentele liberalului, că și el e un cetățean și are dreptul să protesteze. "Hoțule!", "Pleacă de aici!", "Și tu ești o mizerie!", "Piaţa e a poporului" au fost câteva dintre mesajele pe care protestatarii i le-au transmis lui Ludovic Orban. "Ai făcut accident şi ai plecat de la locul accidentului. Faci parte din sistemul politic pe care noi îl criticăm. Eşti la fel cu toţi ceilalţi", i-au spus tinerii lui Orban, conform mediafax.ro. Acesta s-a retras, declarând că înțelege nemulțumirile oamenilor

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Masoneria Neagra

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Masoneria neagraIn ultimele doua secole, masoneria nu a facut altceva decat sa-si continue politica duplicitara. Pe fata se declara partizana drepturilor omului si lupta pentru libertate, egalitate etc., dar adevarata lupta a francmasoneriei este pentru obtinerea puterii politice si guvernarea lumii.

Pentru aceasta, lupta cu o ura neimpacata impotriva crestinismului si a libertatii reale a oamenilor, neezitand nici cand este vorba de crime sau chiar genocid. In timpul Revolutiei franceze, masoneria ataca pentru prima data biserica catolica, dorind inlocuirea crestinismului cu o religie pagana.

Masoneria impotriva lui Dumnezeu

Secolul al XIX-lea este secolul ofensivei francmasoneriei impotriva crestinismului. Masonii creeaza scoli laice opuse celor confesionale. Conventul masonic de la Lausanne, intrunit la 6 septembrie 1875, la care au participat 10 consilii supreme din 22 cate au fost convocate, neaga credinta in Dumnezeu.
Consiliile supreme ale Scotiei, SUA, Americii Centrale si Irlandei, intrunite in 1877 la Edinbourgh, denunta deismul declaratiei de la Lausanne. Marele orient al Frantei, intr-un convent din septembrie 1877, suprima articolul 1 din statutul sau, cel care consfintea existenta lui Dumnezeu si nemurirea sufletului. Din 1880, Marea Loja Sobolica Scotiana abandoneaza si ea referinta la Marele Arhitect al Universului. La 20 aprilie 1884, Papa Leon al XII-lea emite o bula prin care decreteaza francmasoneria ca “sinagoga lui Satan”. Masoneria este condamnata si de biserica ortodoxa.

Atitudinea crestinismului fata de masonerie

O tendinta constanta a manifestat masoneria in incercarea ei de a penetra in marile biserici crestine prin impunerea unor inalti prelati masoni. Se pare ca acest lucru i-a reusit de mai multe ori, insa atitudinea Bisericii fata de masonerie nu s-a schimbat. Declaratia asupra fracmasoneriei a cardinalului Ratzinger din 1983 spune clar: “S-a pus problema daca nu cumva judecata Bisericii s-a modificat in privinta masoneriei. Judecata negativa a Bisericii este neschimbata in privinta societatilor masonice, deoarece principiile lor au fost totdeauna considerate incompatibile cu doctrina Bisericii, si, prin urmare, aderarea la ele ramane in continuare interzisa. Credinciosii care apar in societati masonice se afla intr-o stare grava de pacat”. Miscarea ecumenica contemporana nu este straina de francmasonerie. Dupa N. Homuth, intreg protestantismul si neoprotestantismul actual, descompuse din punct de vedere eclesiastic, se afla in mrejele francmasoneriei.

Divizarea protestantilor, opera masoneriei

Faramitarea protestantismului este opera unor francmasoni: Wesley, Chalmers, Zinzendorf, Brigham Young, Josef Smith, C.T. Russel. Secte precum “stiinta crestina”, mormonii, martorii lui Iehova, antropozofii, sunt creaturi ale francmasoneriei. Thomas Chalmers, fondatorul Aliantei Evanghelice in 1846, a fost vicepresedinte al organizatiei francmasone Royal Society din Edinbourgh. Presedintele Federatiei mondiale baptiste in 1985, Duke McCall, este francmason din Clubul Rotary. Cultul metodist este si el penetrat de francmasonerie, F.P. Corson, fost presedinte al Congresului Mondial Metodist, este Mare Maestru al Marii Loje din Pensylvania. Episcopul metodist R.A. Mueller, fost presedinte al Consiliului National al Bisericilor NCC (organizatia ecumenica din SUA), este francmason activ. In Suedia, 535 de parohi luterani sunt francmasoni. In Germania, cluburile francmasonice se impletesc cu organisme ecumenice. Sa nu uitam ce se ascunde in spatele francmasoneriei.

Albert Pike, aceasta autoritate a masoneriei (era francmason de gradul 33), in secolul al XIX-lea este cel putin sincer in cartea sa “Morala si dogma” cand recunoaste originea gnostica a francmasoneriei, marturisind ca il venereaza pe Lucifer. Pentru Albert Pike, Lucifer era zeul luminii, iar Dumnezeu cel al intunericului. Practicarea ocultismului de catre unii masoni de grad inalt este un fapt subliniat de multi autori. De exemplu, L. Pauwels si J. Bergier arata ca Societatea Rozicruciana engleza, infiintata prin 1867 de Robert Wentworth Little, isi recruta membrii dintre maestri masoni. Aceasta Societate avea 144 de membri, intre care si Bulwer-Lytton, autorul “Ultimelor zile ale Pompeiului”.

“Golden Dawn”, o organizatie masonica satanista

Din societatea Rozicruciana apare in 1887 o noua societate, The Golden Dawn, alcatuita din cateva dintre cele mai stralucite spirite ale Angliei. Societatea The Golden Dawn era putin numeroasa si era condusa de Wooldman, Mathers si Wynn Wescott. Ea avea ca scop practicarea magiei ceremoniale si obtinerea de puteri si cunostinte initiatice. Societatea era in legatura cu organizatii similare germane, din care unii membri se vor regasi mai tarziu in miscarea antropozofica a lui Rudolph Steiner. Societatea The Golden Dawn l-a avut dupa aceea maestru pe Aleister Crowley. Mathers, dupa ce a ajuns mare maestru al Societatii The Golden Dawn, a fost inlocuit cu celebrul poet Yeats, laureat al Premiului Nobel.

Yeats si-a luat numele de “Fratele Demon este Deus Inversus”. Din societate mai faceau parte: Arthur Machen, scriitorii Blackwood, Stoker (autorul lui “Dracula”), Sax Rohmer, astronomul regal al Scotiei, Peck, inginerul Allan Bennett si sir Gerald Kelly, presedinte la Royal Academy. Dupa marturisirile lor, apartenenta la societate le schimbase felul de-a vedea lumea, iar practicile carora li se consacrasera n-au incetat sa li se para eficace si exaltante.

Aleister Crowley (1875-1947) era membru in The Golden Dawn, ca si in Ordinul martinist si in Ordo Templis Orientis. Crowley a scris multe carti despre magie, fiind pornit foarte mult impotriva creotinismului. El era satanist si se identifica unui “sfant al lui Satan”. Crowley se droga si practica magia sexuala. Samanta aruncata de el va duce la aparitia miscarii hipiotilor.

Comunismul isi are originea in masonerie

In secolul al XIX-lea apare un nou curent satanist sub influenta masoneriei, si anume comunismul. Iluminatii americani, sustinatori ai lui Weishaupt, au initiat in 1829 o serie de conferinte la New York tinute de iluminista engleza Frances “Fanny” Wright. Cei prezenti au fost informati ca Iluminatii intentionau sa uneasca grupurile nihiliste si ateiste cu toate celelalte organizatii subversive intr-o organizatie internationala care se va numi comunism. Clinton Roosevelt (stramos direct al lui F.D. Roosevelt), Charles Dana si Horace Greeley au fost numiti pentru a alcatui un comitet care sa stranga fonduri pentru aceasta actiune. In 1843 este fondat in SUA ritul B’nai Brith (Fiii Aliantei), care este rezervat numai evreilor.

O filiala a acestei organizatii este loja israelita “Alianta Dreptilor”, din care va face parte si K. Marx. Marx si Engels confirma In prefata la cea de-a doua editie a Manifestului Comunist, tiparit la Londra in 1872, ca o societate secreta numita Liga Comunistilor (de fapt, o noua firma a Aliantei Dreptilor) i-a insarcinat cu redactarea si publicarea unui program teoretic si practic al partidului. In 1864 se infiinteaza la Londra Intaia Internationala Comunista. Discutiile preliminare s-au tinut la Londra in Freemasons’ Hall, sediul Marii Loje Unite a Angliei. Liderii primei Internationale erau Marx si cneazul Bakunin (care era francmason de gradul 32 in ritul Scotian Antic si Acceptat).

Internationalismul proletar sub forma socialismului a dat un nou avant ideilor masonice. Razboiul franco-german si caderea lui Napoleon al III-lea In 1870 favorizeaza preluarea puterii in Franta de catre masoni. Din guvernul celor 11, 7 erau francmasoni. La 18 martie 1871 se proclama Comuna din Paris. Victoria finala apartine insa masonilor conservatori, condusi politic de Adolphe Thiers. Aceasta victorie duce la separarea comunistilor de masonerie. Comuniotii isi vor crea organizatii proprii, paramasonice. Ei vor prelua de la masonerie principiul universalismului (internationalismul proletar), deviza “Libertate, egalitate, fraternitate” si unele simboluri masonice (de exemplu steaua cu cinci colturi).

Primul razboi mondial a fost declansat de catre masoni

Primul razboi mondial izbucneste tot in urma unui asasinat masonic. Arhiducele Franz Ferdinand este ucis la Sarajevo in 28 iunie 1914 de catre o societate secreta sarba “Mana neagra”. Arhiducele fusese condamnat la moarte inca din 1912 de catre tribunalul secret al masoneriei. Societatea secreta “Mana neagra” era masonica. Ea isi tinea intrunirile in acelasi local cu al Lojii din Belgrad.

Ce urmarea masoneria prin declansarea primului razboi mondial? Ea isi urmarea planul sau de acaparare a puterii in Europa prin distrugerea vechilor imperii: austro-ungar si tarist. Dupa razboi se infiinteaza, din initiativa preoedintelui american Woodrow Wilson (francmason), Liga Natiunilor, prima incercare de centralizare a puterii politice in lume (primul pas spre guvernul mondial visat de masoni). Ea va fi condusa de fracmasonul L. Boureois. Masoneria a fost implicata si in revolutia din Rusia din 1917.

Revolutia bolsevica din Rusia, condusa si sustinuta de masoni

Prima revolutie este opera masoneriei conservatoare. In guvernul provizoriu, portofoliile cele mai importante sunt ocupate de francmasoni (cneazul Lvov, Kerenski, Tereocenk, Gucikov). Revolutia bolsevica este opera masoneriei revolutionare. Lenin era sprijinit de lojele defetiste europene, iar Leiba Braunstein, zis Leon Trotki, era sprijinit de puternicul ordin masonic evreiesc B’nai Brith, in frunte cu marele bancher Jacob Schiff. Dupa scenariul revolutiei ruse urma sa se desfasoare revolutia si in Gemania si Ungaria. In Ungaria, in urma revolutiei din octombrie 1918, se formeaza guvernul masonic al contelui M. Karolyi. Urmeaza apoi revolutia bolsevica din 1919, condusa de iudeo-masonul Bela Cohen, zis Kuhn.

Uniunea Europeana: vechi ideal masonic

Idealul realizarii Uniunii Europene este un vechi deziderat masonic. El este de fapt primul pas in vederea realizarii unei uniuni mondiale conduse de francmasonerie. Primul pion al masoneriei prin care se dorea realizarea acestei uniuni a fost Napoleon, care declara: “Avem nevoie de un cod european, de o curte de casatie europeana, de o moneda unica, de aceleasi masuri si greutati, de aceleasi legi. Trebuie sa fac din toate popoarele Europei un singur popor”.

In 1929, Aristide Briand, ministrul de externe francez, reia ideea si propune in numele guvernului sau crearea unei structuri federale europene. Planul sau nu este insa bine primit de statele europene.

Sa ne amintim de o veche poveste istorica. Se spune ca un rege dac, pentru a le demonstra supusilor sai necesitatea unirii in fata unui dusman, recurge la demonstratie. El pune intr-o arena doi caini sa se bata. Cand lupta era in toi se da drumul unui lup, iar cainii care pana atunci nu se prea iubeau isi unesc eforturile si ataca fiara. Aceasta strategie o adopta si masoneria pentru realizarea uniunii europene si a unitatii mondiale a statelor, unitate economica, militara si, in ultima instanta, politica. Rolul lupului este jucat mai intai de Hitler, apoi de Rusia si satelitii sai comunisti. De aceea nu trebuie sa ne mire rolul jucat de francmasonerie la aparitia nazismului si a comunismului.

Pasivitatea Frantei, Marii Britanii si a Statelor Unite, la inceput, in fata lui Hitler si apoi in fata lui Stalin nu cred ca au fost doar acte de naivitate politica. Ar insemna sa credem ca guvernele celor trei mari puteri au fost formate din prosti. Pasivitatea celor trei mari puteri in fata dictatorilor a fost gandita pentru a incuraja conflictul si a realiza apoi idealul masonic.

Negocierile privind infiintarea pactului unitar NATO se poarta cu rapiditate pe timpul blocadei sovietice asupra Berlinului (iunie 1948 – mai 1949), iar pe data de 4 aprilie 1949 se semneaza la Washington pactul. Planul Marshall era gandit tot de francmasoni (Marshall era francmason) si se baza pe ideea masonica a integrarii europene.

Bomba atomica le va fi furnizata rusilor prin tradarea unor masoni. Cercurile sioniste vor fi implicate puternic in aceasta tranzactie. Visul masoneriei europene se realizeaza in 1958 prin crearea Comunitatii Economice Europene. In 1991, intalnirea de la Maastricht propune un nou tratat asupra Uniunii Europene. Se urmareste: integrarea economica si sociala a statelor membre, moneda unica, transferul catre uniune al suveranitatii monetare nationale si aplicarea unor sanctiuni pentru tarile membre care se indeparteaza de criteriile stabilite ale convergentei.

Sa mai subliniem un fapt, si anume legatura francmasoneriei cu miscarea iudaica si cu sionismul. Exista o teorie a conspiratiei privind controlul capitalismului occidental de catre evrei. Iudaismul avea in comun cu masoneria lupta impotriva crestinismului. Rabinul Tarphan va spune “Evangheliile trebuie arse fiindca paganismul este mai putin periculos pentru credinta evreiasca decat crestinismul”.

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Test de Inteligenta ...

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Din culisele guvernarii

 

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Canada 2011

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Domnul Bujniga la relaxare.

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Lista directoare web romanesti

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Cele mai rare animale

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Sunt o sumedenie de animale frumoase pe încântătoarea noastră Terra. Cu unele ne-am obişnuit, trăim printre ele, pe altele le urmărim în documentare la televizor ori le admirăm în manuale sau în atlase zoologice. Altele sunt rare. Atât de rare încât poate nu ai auzit niciodata de ele. Sau, în cazul în care ai auzit deja de acestea, cu siguranţă ai aflat si faptul că sunt atat de distinse pentru că se află în mare pericol. Iată câteva dintre cele mai rare specii din lume:

10. Tarsierii

Tarsieri

Tarsierii (fac parte dintr-o specie care se trage din lemurieni) pot fi găsiţi numai în insulele din sud-estul Asiei. Şi cum sud-estul Asiei este foarte aglomerat în insule ca Thailanda, Cambodgia, Indonezia, Filippine si multe altele, nu ai crede că micuţii în cauză sunt aşa de rari. Dar când te gandeşti că iniţial trăiau în mult mai multe regiuni, începi să o vezi ca pe o adevarată problemă. Cei mai mulţi sunt în Borneo. Micuţele primate au între 10 şi 15 cm, însă membrele lor inferioare masoară de două ori lungimea trunchiului. Şi pe lângă asta, ochii lor au aceeaşi dimensiune cu cea a creierului. Ce altceva face ca aceste animaluţe adorabile să fie atât de rare? Sunt singurele primate în totalitate carnivore – insectivore mai exact. Tarsierii pândesc gândacii apoi sar asupra lor. Se mai hrănesc şi cu animale micuţe, cu ar fi: păsări, lilieci, şopârle sau şerpi. Sunt printre primele pe lista animalelor pe cale de dispariţie şi se preconizează că vor rămâne acolo pentru o bună perioadă de timp. Sunt, de departe, imposibil de crescut în captivitate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

9. Okapi

okapi

E o girafă? O zebră? O girafă? O girebră? E un Okapi! Ai auzit vreodată de el? Istoria lor începe cândva demult, în Egiptul Antic, unde urme ale lor au fost datate. În Europa şi în Africa, au existat unele legende ale „Unicornului African” înainte de secolul XX. Astăzi, acel unicorn se crede a fi Okapi-ul. În 1887, Henry Morton Stanley a descoperit o specie de măgar numit Atti. În zilele noatre, şi acel animal este considerat a fi Okapi. Oameni de ştiinţă, zoologişti şi studenţi ştiu foarte multe amănunte despre acest animal. De exemplu, este cunoscut faptul că este înrudit cu girafa, în ciuda aspectului de zebră ori că specia Okapi jonstoni este considerată o „fosilă vie”, o creatura identică cu fosilele antice ce nu are nicio altă specie înrudită (girafa probabil este o verişoară FOARTE îndepărtată). Sunt aproximativ 10-20 000 în sălbăticie, dar din moment ce acest individ este atât de „învechit”, face şi el parte din topul nostru.

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. Chiţcanul Sao Tome

Chitcan

Chiţcanul Sao Tome (Crocidura thomensis) se află şi el pe lista animalelor pe cale de dispariţie nu numai pentru că sunt din ce în ce mai puţine exemplare, dar şi pentru că habitatul lor se alfă în continuă degradare. Numărul lor este în continuă scădere, ele devenind din ce în ce mai greu de întâlnit. Se găsesc numai pe Insula Sao Tome, ceea ce este mai degrabă un vulcan scut ce se înalţă din Oceanul Atlantic. Micuţii chiţcani nu au mai mult de 7,5 cm, cu dinţii albi (mult mai albi decât nuanţa standard întâlnită la alte animale) si abdomenul de culoare deschisă.

 

 

7. Lupul Roşu

lup

Lupul Roşu este un văr al Lupului Cenuşiu. Se presupune că Lupul Roşu a dispărut din sălbăticie încă din 1980. Au mai existat, din fericire, încă douăzeci astfel de lupi în captivitate. Conservatori ai vieţii în sălbăticie au depus eforturi în a creşte numărul Lupilor Roşii la 207 în captivitate şi astfel au ajuns încă 100 să trăiască şi în sălbăticie. Un adevărat succes, însă factorii ce determină dispariţia acestor lupi persistă în continuare, mai exact, teritoriul lor de vânătoare este redus în mod sever. Din fericire, există norme ce protejează viaţa în sălbăticie şi permite Lupilor Roşii să trăiască in habitatul lor natural, în ciuda extinderii masive a mediului urban.

 

 

 

6. Ursul marsupial nordic cu nasul păros

ursul marsupial

Aceasta adorabilă creatură, considerată a fi una dintre cele mai rare mamifere de mari dimensiuni din lume se află şi ea pe lista celor mai în pericol animale. Cu o lungime de peste 1 m, Ursul marsupial cu nasul păros este puţin mai mare decât urşii marsupiali, se dezvoltă mai repede deşi toate aceastea nu i-au favorizat deloc poziţia pe lista animalelor pe cale de dispariţie. Aceşti marsupiali cu deficienţe de vedere ocupa doar un spatiu de aproximativ 304 ha în Epping Forest din Queensland, cu excepţia unei a doua colonii (stabilită recent) care se afla într-un spaţiu protejat din St. George. În prezent, trăiesc aproximativ 130 de urşi marsupiali cu nasul păros.

 

 

5. Liliacul cu coada din Insulele Seychelles

liliac

Acest liliac sub formă de săculeţ cu aripi trăieşte în Insulele Seychelles, în partea de nord a Madagascarului. Cândva extrem de numeroşi de-alungul întregului lanţ insular, Liliacul cu coada Seychelles devine în prezent din ce în ce mai greu de găsit. Liliecii trăiesc în colonii-harem şi se înmulţesc foarte repede. Din păcate, sunt foarte sensibili la schimbările din mediul înconjurător şi din cauză că necesită adăpost în mai multe locaţii în cadrul habitatului, supravieţuiesc foarte greu. Sunt mai puţin de 100 de exemplare în viaţă în acest moment pe toată suprafaţa planetei.

 

 

 

 

4. Rinocerul de Java

rinocer java

Rinocerul de Java este una dintre cele cinci specii de rinoceri în viaţă în prezent şi face parte din aceeaşi clasă cu Rinocerul Indian, dar de dimensiuni mai reduse. Aceşti rinoceri erau candva numeroşi în Indonezia şi în Sudul Asiei, acum însă se află pe lista celor mai rare animale din lume numărând aproximativ 60 de exemplare în sălbăticie. Nu se află niciun Rinocer de Java în captivitate. Războiul din Vietnam se presupune a fi una dintre marile ameninţări ale acestei specii, afectându-i serios habitatul natural. Unele surse spun ca acesta ar fi CEL MAI rar mamifer de dimensiuni mari din lume în comparaţie cu Ursul marsupial cu nasul păros, care s-ar aflat pe lista „celor mai rare”.

3. Tigrul tarcat auriu

tigrul

Această specie de tigru poate fi întâlnită numai în captivitate. Coloritul blănii lui este rezultatui unei gene recesive; câteodată dungatul auriu fiind numit numit şi tigrul căpşună. Are rădăcini bengale, dar cu siguranţă il are si pe tigrul amur (tigrul siberian) ca strămoş. Această specie, considerată existentă cu mult înaintea anilor 1900 are apariţia stâns legată de regiunile cu o concentraţie mare de argilă în sol. Astazi sunt mai puţin de 30 de Tigrii aurii în viaţă.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Delfinul chinezesc din râul Yangtze (Baiji)

delfin

Numit şi delfinul chinezesc de râu, delfinul cu aripi albe sau delfinul Yangtze, Baiji NU este delfinul chinezesc alb. Acest animal inedit a devenit „funcţional pe cale de dispariţie” din cauza industrializării Chinei. Târziu, în 2006, cercetătorii nu au mai putut găsi niciun astfel de delfin de dimensiune medie, dar in August, 2007, un fotograf chinez a pozat un astfel de Baiji. Din păcate, în lume mai sunt maxim 13 astfel de delfini.

 

 

 

 

 

1. Broasca ţestoasă de pe Insula Pinta

testoasa

Broasca ţestoasă de pe Insula Pinta numără un singur exemplar în viaţă – „George Singuraticul”. O ţestoasă Galapagos, George este considerat reprezentativ pentru eforturile de conservare a speciei din Insulele Galapagos. George are în jur de 100 de ani si tot ceea ce îi lipseste este o companie de aceeasi specie. De altfel, unele surse spun că ar exista şi o recompensă de 10000 de dolari pentru cel care va gasi o parteneră pentru George. Există şi opinii sceptice în privinţa unicităţii lui George în lume: o gradină zoologică din Praga susţine că deţine un exemplar identic cu el, pe care îl numesc Tony, dar aceasta este o afirmaţie care nu a fost confirmata pana in prezent.

 

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Mircea BANIAS

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Mircea BANIASMircea Banias a declarat jurnalistilor ca nu intelege de ce a fost pus sub urmarire penala, sustinand ca nu a discutat niciun moment cu lucratori ai Portului Constanta. "Am inteles ca a inceput urmarirea penala impotriva mai multor persoane, inclusiv a mea, pentru trafic de influenta. E o ancheta care ii priveste pe vamesi. Se vehiculeaza si numele meu, dar va spun ce le-am spus si eu: nu are nicio legatura cu activitatile pe care le-au desfasurat vamesii din Constanta. (...) Sunt persoane pe care nu le cunosc. Pe Mironescu il cunosc, avem o firma impreuna. Acea societate nu este administrata de niciunul dintre noi. Firma are ca obiect se activitate prestari de servicii portuare", a afirmat Mircea Banias, citat de realitatea.net.

 "Fratele meu face parte dintr-o organizatie pe care a infiintat-o impreuna cu mine, de promovare a porturilor, dar din care m-am retras in urma cu doi ani de zile", a declarat Mircea Banias. Mircea Banias, acuzatii legate de afaceri cu produse petroliere prin Portul Constanta Surse judiciare citate de Mediafax sustin ca zeci de vase cu produse petroliere au trecut prin Portul Constanta, unde nu au fost verificate corespunzator ca urmare a presupuselor interventii facute de senatorul PDL de Constanta Mircea Banias si secretarul general al MAI, Lurentiu Mironescu, precum si de unii lucratori vamali. Prin intermediul unor firme fantoma, era adusa in tara motorina care fie nu era vamuita, fie era trecuta la o alta categorie de produse care nu presupunea accizarea. Marfa era vanduta pe piata neagra. In numai doua luni, prejudiciul s-ar ridica la un milion de euro! Luni dimineata, procurorii anticoruptie au efectuat zeci de perchezitii in Constanta si Bucuresti in dosarul de contrabanda si evaziune fiscala in care i se aduc acuzatii senatorul PDL Mircea Banias. Senatorul Mircea Banias a negat efectuarea unei perchezitii la domiciliul sau din Constanta, luni dimineata, la prima ora, de catre reprezentantii DNA Bucuresti. "La mine acasa nu s-a prezentat nimeni cu niciun mandat de perchezitie nici in dosarul returnarilor de TVA, nici in alta cauza. Pot doar sa va spun ca am primit o citatie pentru luni, la sediul DNA Bucuresti", a afirmat senatorul PDL Mircea Banias, citat de Agerpres.

Senatorul PDL Mircea Banias, adus de politisti luni la DNA, a fost pus sub urmarire penala pentru trafic de influenta intr-un caz de evaziune fiscala cu produse petroliere prin postul Constanta. In acelasi dosar mai apare numele secretarului general al MAI, Laurentiu Mironescu, dar si a unor lucratori vamali.

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Laurentiu MIRONESCU

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Laurentiu MIRONESCULaurențiu Mironescu este acționar în șase societăți comerciale ce au sedii atât în Constanța, cât și în București. Este acționar unic al firmei SC Marseq Consuiltants, din Eforie Sud. Din anul 2005, este asociat cu senatorul Mircea Banias la firma SC Euro Shipping Services, în care deține 33% dintre acțiuni. De asemenea, mai deține jumătate din pachetul de acțiuni al societății SC Safe Port Constanța. La celelalte trei firme, Mironescu are între 6 și 20% dintre acțiuni.

 

I-a fost donată o casă

 

Este proprietarul a cinci terenuri intravilane, dobândite în perioada 2001 – 2009. Trei dintre acestea au fost moștenite, unul cumpărat, iar altul a fost primit sub formă de donație, la Eforie Sud. Intravilanele se întind pe o suprafață totală de 10.884 de metri pătrați. Terenurile se află în Constanța, Ovidiu, Eforie Sud și în județul Prahova.

Fostul secretarul general de la Interne conduce o mașină de teren, Land Rover Defender, pe care a cumpărat-o în 2007. Are trei depozite bancare în valoare totală de 54.750 de euro și 6.700 de lei. Deține o casă de locuit în Eforie Sud și două case de vacanță la Constanța și comuna Adunați, județul Prahova. De asemenea, Laurențiu Mironescu are și un apartament în Capitală, achiziționat în 2009, cu o suprafață de 51,91 de metri pătrați.

În nume personal, Mironescu a împrumutat două firme cu suma de 40.000 de euro și are o datorie în valoare totală de 320.000 de euro către o persoană fizică, în urma unui împrumut pe care l-a făcut în anul 2009. În declarația de avere se mai arată că secretarul general are un venit anual de 78.753 de lei din urma funcției de director coordonare programe pe care o deține în cadrul societății Ceronav, din Constanța

Proaspăt demis din funcția de secretar general din MAI, Laurențiu Mironescu, anchetat alături de senatorul Mircea Banias în dosarul corupției din vămi, deține mai multe terenuri, apartamente și case, după cum este prezentat în declarația sa de avere. El este asociat cu Banias în firma SC Euro Shipping Services, ce prestează servicii în Portul Constanța.

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Bune de retinut

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Academie =De la Crângul lui Heros Akademos din Atena antica, unde Platon (425-347 î.C) se întâlnea cu adeptii sai, expunându-si prelegerile.
Africa = Romanii au denumit provincia din jurul Cartaginei (Tunisia) Africa, dupa numele tribului Afer (plural: Afri). Ulterior, denumirea s-a extins pentru întregul continent.
Agape = Mese caritative de seara ale primilor crestini. Mesele erau organizate si finantate de crestinii instariti, simbolizând dragostea frateasca dintre oameni. In sec.1 d.C. au avut chiar caracterul unor mese comune, combinate cu serviciul euharistic. In sec.2 au devenit monopolul bisericii, iar cu incepere din sec.4 au fost eliminate din serviciul divin.
Alger = Cuvânt derivat din l.araba (el dzezair = insule).
Alhambra = Cetatea Rosie (l.araba).
Amfitrion = Rege legendar al Tirynsului, fiul lui Alcaeus, sotul Alcmenei. In timp ce Amphytrion era plecat sa lupte cu Teleboenii, Zeus, împrumutându-i înfatisarea, s-a unit cu Alcmene. In aceiasi noapte s-a reîntors acasa si Amphytrion. Din dubla unire cu Zeus si cu sotul ei, Alcmene a nascut doi fii: Hercules si Iphicles. La rugamintea lui Zeus, Amphytrion a iertat infidelitatea Alcmenei. Având o fire blânda, generoasa si iertatoare, a devenit apoi simbol pentru gazda ospitaliera.
Andalusia : in l.araba Al-Andalus = Tara Vandalilor .
Apa Sâmbetei: dupa o veche credinta, Apa Sâmbetei era un râu care se varsa in Infern; legenda pretinde ca apa fierbea toata saptamâna si numai sâmbata se potolea, de unde i se trage si numele.
Asia: in l.asirica acu = Tarile din est.
Baleare: in l.greaca balein = Aruncatori de pietre.
Banii nu au miros = Imparatul roman Vespasian (69-79 d.C) a dispus construirea la Roma a sute de latrine publice (vespasiene), pentru care a perceput taxe de folosire. Cunoscut a ramas raspunsul lui Vespasian, la critica unor senatori: pecunia non olet (banii nu au miros).
Baroc (l.ital. barocco = barca): Cele dintâi cladiri baroce au fost construite in Italia. Fatadele au avut aspectul unor nave, unor barci.
Belem (cartier in Lisabona) = Cuvânt derivat de la localitatea Bethlehem (Israel).
Boicot = In timpul crizei agrare din sec.19, capitanul Charles Cunningham Boycott era administrator al mosiilor lordului Earne din comitatul Mayo (Irlanda). In anul 1879, când arendasilor din Irlanda li s-au impus taxe deosebit de grele, Liga Arendasilor a hotarît izolarea mosierilor. Prima victima a campaniei antimosierime a fost capitanul Boycott, zilierii, postasii, negustorii, refuzând orice contact cu acesta si cu familia lui. Dupa un an, familia Boycott a fost nevoita sa paraseasca mosia si sa se refugieze in Anglia. Actul de izolare a familiei Boycott a ramas in vocabularul international drept boicot.
Britania = Cuvânt provenit de la Brutus.
Calcâiul lui Achile = Dupa nastere, Achile ar fi fost cufundat, aproape in intregime, de mama sa, in apa Styxului spre a deveni invulnerabil. Afara, ar fi ramas numai unul din calcâie, de care era tinut. La chemarea lui Odysseus, Achile s-a alaturat armatelor elene in razboiul contra Troiei. A savârsit minuni de vitejie pe câmpul de lupta, semanând panica intre adversari. Printre altii, l-a ucis si pe Hector, unul din fiii regelui troian Priamus, fratele lui Paris. In cele din urma, Achile a fost ucis de o sageata otravita, cu care Paris l-a nimerit in calcâiul vulnerabil.
La calendele grecesti = Expresie atribuita de Sueton împaratului roman Augustus. Acesta ar fi afirmat despre cei rai-platnici ca isi achita datoriile ad calendas graecas (la calendele grecesti); referire ironica la faptul ca grecii - spre deosebire de romani - nu aveau prima zi a lunii din calendar (numita calendae), zi obisnuita de restituire a datoriilor.
California: in l.span. Caliente fornalla = Cuptor fierbinte.
Cal troian = Cal urias de lemn construit in taina de Aheeni in cel de al zecelea an al asediului Troiei. In el s-ar fi ascuns soldati înarmati, fiind lasat apoi ca momeala în fata cetatii. Dupa retragerea simulata a Aheenilor, Troienii au dus calul in cetate. In timpul noptii, razboinicii ascunsi in cal au iesit afara si, deschizând Aheenilor portile cetatii, au pricinuit caderea Troiei.
Câmpiile Elizee = Regiune mirifica unde ar ajunge, dupa moarte, sufletele celor buni si virtuosi.
Cerber = Temutul câine, care strajuia portile infernului Hades. Nascut din gigantul Typhon, frate cu Hidra din Lerna si cu Leul din Nemeea, Cerberus este înfatisat ca un monstru înfricosator, cu multe capete, care vegheau pe rând, unul fiind permanent treaz. Avea insarcinarea a nu-i lasa sa intre in împaratia Hades decât pe morti, si sa nu lase pe nimeni sa mai iasa de acolo. Singurul care ar fi reusit sa scape si sa-l invinga ar fi fost Hercules.
Cistercieni = De la manastirea Cistercium (Citeaux) de lânga Dijon (Franta).
Coloanele lui Hercules = Denumirea celor doua culmi (Abyla si Calpe) care formeaza strâmtoarea Gibraltar, intre Africa si Europa. Initial legate, ar fi fost despartite de puternicul Hercules.
Cutia Pandorei = Când Prometeus a furat focul din ceruri, ca sa-l daruiasca omenirii, parintele zeilor Zeus a hotarît sa-l pedepseasca, daruindu-i-o pe Pandora. Respinsa de Prometeus, Pandora a reusit sa-l cucereasca pe fratele acestuia (Epimeteus), care a luat-o de sotie. Ca dar de nunta, Pandora a primit o cutie, in care viclenii zei inchisesera toate relele lumii: ura, boala, durerea, moartea. Ajunsa pe pamânt, Pandora a deschis cutia, dând drumul involuntar tuturor relelor, care au împânzit lumea.
De la Anna la Caiafa = Isus a fost trimis initial spre judecata la Marele Preot Anna, care l-a retrimis inapoi la Caiafa.
Deutsch = piuda (sec.4-6, in limba ostrogotilor), diot, diut (sec.8-12), diet (sec.12-16) (popor). Adjectivul corespunzator s-a format prin adaugarea sufixelor -isk, -isc, -utsch: piudisk, diutisc, tiu(t)sch (pagân, nelatin, din popor). Cea mai veche însemnare pastrata din anul 786: theodiscus (denumirea initiala a limbii locale populare nelatine).
Dobrogea = De la numele despotului Dobrotici (1354-86), care a condus micul stat independent (de scurta durata) pe teritoriul de sud al actualei Dobrogea.
Dolar = are la origine cuvântul german Taler. Taler este moneda de argint Sankt Joachimsthaler din Boemia de vest (sec.16).
Dupa mine, potopul: cuvinte atribuite faimoasei curtezane, marchiza de Pompadour, favorita regelui Ludovic al XV-lea al Frantei. Suveranul si-a insusit aceste cuvinte ca o linie de conduita, ducând o viata de huzur si desfatari, fara sa-i pese ce se va întâmpla dupa moartea lui.
Europa = exista 2 ipoteze: a) din limbile semitice: ereb (irib) = vestul întunecat, b) de origina greaca.
Farsa = Prin aceasta se intelegea initial umplutura de carne tocata si condimentata a unor preparate alimentare (pasari, peste). Notiunea s-a extins apoi la glumele grobiene pe care unii artisti le faceau pe scenele teatrelor, mai târziu capatând forma actuala.
Firul Ariadnei = Când Theseus a sosit la Knossos (Creta), pentru a se lupta cu Minotaurul ascuns in labirintul de sub palatul regal, Ariadna, îndragostita de Theseus, l-a ajutat sa se orienteze si sa iasa nevatamat din coridoarele complicate ale labirintului, calauzindu-l cu un fir, care i-a aratat calea de întoarcere, dupa ce rapusese Minotaurul.
Flamenco: in l.araba Falak menguk = Deziluzie in dragoste.
Furcile caudine = Pas muntos îngust, lânga fostul oras roman Caudium (sudul Italiei), unde Samnitii i-au înfrânt pe Romani in anul 321 î.C, obligându-i sa treaca (neînarmati) prin acest pas muntos, sub un tir umilitor de sulite.
Generalife: in l.araba Gennat al-Arif = Gradina Mesterului.
Gibraltar: in l.araba Djebel al-Tarik = Stânca lui Tarik (Tarik a fost acel conducator de osti arabe care, in anul 711, a trecut Gibraltarul spre Europa).
Gotic = Pictorul si criticul de arta italian Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574) a denumit noul stil arhitectural din tarile de la nord de Alpi Stilul Gotilor (Stilul Barbarilor).
Hermafrodit = Odata, pe când se scalda in apele unui lac, nimfa Salmacis s-a îndragostit de tânarul si frumosul Hermaphroditus, vrând sa se uneasca cu el. Hermaphroditus a respins-o. Ea l-a cuprins in brate cu sila, rugând zeii sa le uneasca trupurile pentru totdeauna. Zeii i-au împlinit dorinta: in locul tânarului si a nimfei, a aparut o singura faptura, având ambele sexe (hermafrodit).
Intre Scylla si Charybda = Scylla: Intruchipare monstruoasa, cu infatisare de femeie, cu partea de jos a corpului formata din mai multi câini, zamislita de Phorcys si Ceto. Inainte de a fi devenit temutul monstru marin, care nimicea corabiile si inghitea corabierii care se aventurau in strâmtoarea Messina (dintre Italia si Sicilia), Scylla fusese o fecioara frumoasa, mult iubita de Glaucus. Trezind gelozia si mânia Circei, a fost metamorfozata de puternica vrajitoare într-un monstru marin, care strajuia - alaturi de Charybda - acea strâmtoare. Scylla a fost ucisa de Hercules, drept pedeapsa pentru ca a furat o parte din Cireada lui Geryon, când acesta se gasea in drum spre casa. Charybda: fiica monstruoasa a lui Poseidon si Gaea, care salasluiau odinioara pe coasta Siciliei, lânga Messina. Lacoma si nesatioasa, ar fi devorat Cirezile lui Hercules, fapt pentru care a fost atinsa de traznetul lui Zeus si transformata intr-un monstru marin. Charybda inghitea de 3 ori pe zi apa marii, si odata cu ea navele corabierilor nesabuiti care se aventurau prin partea locului. Insusi Odysseus era cât pe-aici sa fie înghitit de Charibda, dar a scapat ca prin urechile acului, agatându-se de ramurile unui smochin, la intrarea in pestera.
Kremlin: in l.slav. Kreml = Fortificatie inauntrul unui oras medieval.
Lunile anului: Ianuarie (de la zeul cu privire dubla Janus; prima luna dupa solstitiul de iarna); Februarie (de la februa-februum); Martie (de la zeul razboiului si vegetatiei Mars; pâna in anul 153 î.C. anul roman începea cu luna martie); Aprilie (etimologie neclarificata); Mai (etimologie nesigura; exista 3 variante: de la zeita Maia, de la zeul Maius sau de la prefixul mag); Iunie (luna zeitei romane Iunona); Iulie (in amintirea lui Iuliu Cezar); August (dupa împaratul roman Augustus); Septembrie-Decembrie (ordinea cronologica a lunilor romane, incepând cu luna martie).
Maghiar = Magyar s-a numit cel mai important grup etnic (din cele 7 triburi migratoare) care in anul 895 (sub conducerea lui Arpad) s-au stabilit in Câmpia Panonica (Ungaria).
Maghreb: in l.araba Al gharb = Vest.
Mana cereasca = Hrana legendara a poporului israelian, in timpul exodului prin pustiul Sinai, sub conducerea lui Moise. A avut forma granulara, de culoare deschisa si un gust de prajituri cu miere (2 Moise 16; 4 Moise 11). Se considera ca ar fi vorba de secretia comestibila a unei insecte, depusa pe frunzele arbustului Tamarix.
Marea Adriatica = De la împaratul roman Hadrian.
Munca de Sisyphus = Sisyphus a fost fiul lui Aeolus si rege al cetatii Corint (Grecia). Pentru vina de a fi dat in vileag rapirea Aeginei de catre Zeus, si-a atras asupra-si mânia acestuia, fiind supus in infern la o cazna perpetua: sortit sa urce un deal, împingând vesnic o piatra uriasa, care, o data ajunsa in vârf, se rostogolea din nou la vale, cazna fiind reluata de la început.
Neamt = Cuvânt de origine slavona (nemoi-nemetz = cel mut).
Nestor = Devenit rege al Pilos-ului (Grecia), a fost cel mai batrân Basileu grec in vremea Razboiului Troian. Nestor a fost vestit pentru întelepciunea, cumpatarea si elocinta sa. Expresia Nestor se aplica unei persoane mai vârstnice, care isi domina anturajul prin ratiune, calm si clarviziune.
Noaptea Valpurgiei = In mitologia germana este noaptea de 30 aprilie spre 1 mai a fiecarui an, in care - dupa credinta populara - vrajitoarele si demonii se dezlantuie pentru câteva ore, la sosirea primaverii.
Nod gordian = Un oracol a prezis ca neîntelegerile din Frigia vor lua sfârsit, când regele va urca cu carul pâna la templul lui Zeus. Gordius, un simplu taran, a fost ales rege al Frigiei si, drept multumire, a urcat cu carul la templu închinându-l lui Zeus. Oistea carului insa era legata de jug cu un nod atât de complicat, încât nimeni nu-l putea desface. Oracolele au prezis ca cel ce va reusi sa desfaca Nodul gordian va deveni stapânul Asiei. Mai târziu, Alexandru Macedon ar fi taiat nodul cu sabia, împlinind prezicerile si punând stapânire pe partea de vest a Asiei.
Notele muzicale: In tarile latine din Europa denumirea initiala a celor 7 note muzicale (ut/do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, si) s-a facut dupa Solmisation-ul lui Guido de Arezzo (995-1050, Italia). Notele ut, re, mi, fa, sol, la reprezinta acrostihul unui vechi cântec religios latin consacrat lui Ioan Botezatorul, nota si de la initialele latine ale lui Ioan Botezatorul (Sancte Iohannes). In sec.17 nota ut, greu de pronuntat, a fost inlocuita cu do.
Textul cântecului Sancte Iohannes
Utqueant laxis
Resonare fibris
Mira gestorum
Famuli tuorum
Solve Polluti
Labii reatum
Sancte Iohannes
Ochi de Argus = Monstru fabulos cu 100 de ochi care, atunci când dormea, inchidea doar o parte din ochi, ceilalti ramânând deschisi, spre a putea veghea neîntrerupt.
Palestina = De la poporul antic Filistinieni din Tara Canaanului.
Panica = Zeul Pan ar fi avut o infatisare ciudata, jumatate om, jumatate animal, cu coarne, barba, copite de tap si trup acoperit de par. Provoca turmelor, pastorilor si oamenilor, prin aparitiille sale o spaima panica.
Pânza Penelopei = Curând dupa ce Penelopa a nascut pe Telemachus, Odysseus a fost nevoit sa plece in Razboiul Troian. In timpul indelungatei sale absente, Penelopa - spre deosebire de celelalte sotii ale grecilor plecati la razboi - a ramas credincioasa sotului ei, timp de 20 ani. A fost asaltata tot mai frecvent de numerosi petitori. In fata refuzului ei constant, acestia au ocupat palatul, si, pusi pe nesfârsite petreceri si ospete, au urmarit s-o ruineze. Ca sa scape de insistentele, presiunea si amenintarile lor, Penelopa a recurs la un siretlic: le-a promis ca atunci cand va termina de tesut o pânza la care lucra, se va casatori cu unul dintre ei. Pentru a amâna termenul, a desfacut noapte de noapte tot ceace lucrase ziua. Descoperita in cele din urma, a fost obligata sa se decida, dar a fost salvata in ultima clipa de sosirea lui Odysseus.
Pasarea Phoenix = Pasare fabuloasa, despre care vechii egipteni credeau ca ar fi trait peste 500 ani. Ar fi murit, aruncându-se in foc, pentru ca apoi sa renasca din propria ei cenusa.
Patul lui Procust = Procust culca pe calatorii prinsi, pe un pat de arama; daca nu incapeau pe pat, le taia din picioare, iar daca erau prea scurti, le zdrobea oasele, intinzându-le. A fost supus apoi de catre Theseus supliciului nascocit de el insusi.
Pazvante Chioru = La 25 septembrie 1806 bandele de cârjalari ale turcului Pasvan-Oglu au trecut Dunarea la Calafat si au pradat Craiova; acest eveniment a ramas in amintirea poporului drept vremea lui Pazvan-Chioru.
Robot = Scriitorul ceh Karel Capek a folosit pentru prima data cuvântul Robot in piesa R.U.R.; la baza lui a stat cuvântul slavon robota (munca).
A trece Rubiconul = Pe vremea triumviratului Iuliu Cezar - Pompeius - Crassus, râul Rubicon (in Italia de est) constituia limita de demarcatie a sferelor de influenta dintre Iuliu Cezar si Pompeius. In urma conflictului intre cei doi, trupele lui Iuliu Cezar au trecut apele Rubiconului, ocupând Roma si alungând pe Pompeius.
Rubla = de la cuvântul rus Rubit (a taia o bara de argint in esantioane etalonate).
Sabia lui Damocles = Regele sicilian Dionysios I, pentru a-i arata cât de nesigura este soarta celor puternici, a atârnat la un banchet o sabie deasupra capului lui Damocles, sabie care se tinea numai intr-un fir de par.
Sandwich = Contele Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), pasionat jucator de carti, nu gasea timp necesar sa manânce, preferând sa ramâna la masa de joc. Spre a nu intrerupe jocul, solicita servantilor sa-i aduca câte doua felii de pâine, intre care era asezata o bucata de carne.
Sânge albastru = In Evul Mediu aristocratii spanioli afirmau ca au sangre azul (sânge albastru), dorind prin aceasta sa arate ca in venele lor nu curge sânge arab sau evreiesc. Denumirea provine probabil de la faptul ca venele oamenilor cu piele alba apareau de culoare albastruie.
La sânul lui Avram = Expresie preluata dupa Evanghelia lui Luca (16,19-22): pilda omului bogat si a sarmanului Lazar, al carui suflet, dupa moarte, ar fi fost asezat de un înger la sânul lui Avram, respectiv ar fi ajuns in paradis.
Schei = Cartier din Brasov locuit in trecut si de slavi (slavii au fost numiti in trecut de români schei).
Secretul lui Polichinelle = Un secret cunoscut de toata lumea...
A trece apa Styxului = Styx-ul a fost unul din fluviile Infernului mitologic, cu ape tulburi si noroioase, despre care se spunea ca ar face inconjurul pamântului. Muritorii care se scaldau in apa Styxului deveneau invulnerabili.
Tap ispasitor = Expresie larg raspândita, preluata din Vechiul Testament. In religia mozaica tapul si vitelul au reprezentat animalele cele mai des sacrificate la ofrande, spre spalarea pacatelor.
Trivial = In vechea Roma discutiile importante se purtau in incinta forum-urilor; chestiunile mai putin importante, zvonurile si bârfele la tri-via, locul de intâlnire a 3 strazi.
Ucraina - Kraina = De la cuvântul mongol Krain (Tara invecinata).
Unchiul Sam = In timpul razboiului americano-englez din 1812, fabricantul de carne Samuel Wilson a livrat conserve de carne Armatei Americane, fapt de care era f. mândru, aratând tuturor interiorul fabricii. Intr-o zi, un vizitator al fabricii a citit pe una din conserve intialele E.A.-U.S., dupa care a intrebat pe unul din angajati ce inseamna acele 4 initiale ? "N-am idee" - i-a raspuns aceasta - "probabil: Elbert Anderson si Uncle Sam". Gluma a prins si s-a raspândit rapid pe intreg teritoriul Statelor Unite. Samuel Wilson a murit in anul 1854. In anul 1861 parlamentul american a decis ca Uncle Sam sa devina simbolul oficial al USA.
Ungur = Cuvânt de origina turca (Onogur) aparut dupa anul 670.
Valah = celto-galicii se autodefineau volker (l.lat. volcae). In vechea limba germana celto-galicii erau denumiti walh, walasg, walah (sec.8-12) sau walch (sec.12-16). Adjectivele corespunzatoare: wal(a)hisc, wel(hi)sch, waelhisch sau welsch, inseamna: romanic, latinic, strain, vorbitor al unei limbi straine. Cuvântul slavon vlah acordat românilor provine din vechi cuvinte germane si se refera la acea grupa etnica din Balcani care in Evul mediu vorbea o limba romanica.
Cum ne-au denumit alte natii ?
Slavii: Vlahi, Valahen, Volohi, Vlasi
Turcii: Ulaghi
Ungurii: Olah
Germanii: Walachen
In vechi texte latine se mai gasesc si denumirile: Blachi, Blaci, Blacorum, Olacis.
Venetia = De la expresia latina a refugiatilor italieni sositi in orasul-laguna, in timpul invaziei hunilor, condusi de Atilla (452 d.C): veni et-iam (Si noi am venit).
Veni, vidi, vici = Cuvinte atribuite lui Iuliu Cezar, dupa rapida victorie de la Zella (Asia Mica) asupra trupelor lui Pharnaces din Pont.
Verdict solomonic = Legenda din Vechiul Testament prin se scoate in evidenta intelepciunea regelui israelian Solomon (1 Regi 3,16).
Victorie a la Pyrrhus = Pyrrhus a invins - pe muchie de cutit - romanii in Italia de sud in anii 280 si 279 î.C, suferind totodata pierderi f.grele umane si materiale.
Voce de Stentor = Când Stentor striga, acoperea cu vocea sa glasurile a peste 50 de oameni.

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De toate pentru tonti

de Dana
Dana
Limba inimii nu are nevoie de cuvinte pentru a fi inteleasa - ea este scrisa in
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- Joi, 19 Mai 2011
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ciudatMunca in gospodarie e ca si sexul prost. De fiecare data cand o faci, iti juri ca e ultima data. Pana data viitoare, cand ai iar musafiri.

Am citit atatea chestii nasoale despre sex, incat a trebuit sa ma las. De citit.

Un lucru oribil mi s-a intamplat iar azi-noapte – nimic.

Fără pasiune, nu te poți realiza nici ca cerșetor.

Prietenia este ca si banul, usor de realizat dar greu de pastrat.

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Psihanaliza

de Bella
Bella
Bella nu și-a scris biografia încă
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- Joi, 19 Mai 2011
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  FreudÎn primele pagini ale lucrării sale intitulate "Noi conferinţe de introducere în psihanaliză", datată 6 decembrie 1932, Sigmund Freud afirmă că teoria visului "ocupă un loc special în istoria psihanalizei şi marchează o turnantă. Începînd cu ea psihanaliza a făcut pasul de la procedeu psihoterapeutic la psihologie a profunzimilor." Teoria visului este aspectul cel mai caracteristic şi singular al ştiinţei psihanalitice, "ceva ce nu are egal în restul ştiinţei noastre, o porţiune de pămînt nou, sustras credinţelor populare şi misticii". (versiunea franceză: "Nouvelles conferences d'introduction a la psychanalyse", Gallimard, 1984).
Analiza viselor în psihanaliză oferă posibilitatea să descifrăm misterul afecţiunilor nevrotice, în speţă isteria, şi, în al doilea rînd, deschide calea spre inconştient. A devenit celebră expresia lui Freud : visul este via regia [calea regală] spre inconştient.
             Primele mari intuiţii legate de vis au fost materializate în anul 1895 cînd Freud consideră că a descoperit misterul viselor. Este vorba de celebrul vis al injecţiei Irmei , analizat aproape complet de Freud şi publicat în paginile monumentalei sale lucrări "Interpretarea viselor" (1900). Visul este abordat în maniera care va deveni specifică pentru practicienii psihanalizei: cu ajutorul asociaţiilor visătorului. Analiza visului (vezi detaliile în cartea citată) scoate la iveală sentimentele de vinovăţie ale lui Freud faţă de Irma, una din tinerele sale paciente, a cărei tratament nu a adus rezultatele scontate. Freud se apără de aceste sentimente negative aruncînd vina, în vis, asupra pacienta însăşi, care, chipurile, nu ar fi fost o pacientă docilă şi ascultătoare, sau asupra unuia din confraţii săi, dr. Otto, care s-ar fi făcut vinovat de o intervenţie medicală neglijentă (o injecţie cu o seringă infectată).
             După analiza visului său care se dovedeşte a fi cît se poate de coerent, Freud declară pe bună dreptate: "visul nu este ceva lipsit de sens, nu este o absurditate şi, spre a ni-l explica, nu este necesar să presupunem că o parte din tezaurul nostru de reprezentări doarme, în timp ce o parte începe a se trezi. Este un fenomen psihic în întreaga accepţiune a termenului şi de fapt este împlinirea unei dorinţe. Visul, prin urmare, se cere integrat în suita actelor psihice inteligibile din starea de veghe; activitatea spirituală care îl structurează este o activitatea extrem de complexă." Această afirmaţie exprimă de fapt o mare deschidere spre activitatea psihicului abisal şi mai ales, credinţa în determinismul psihic, în ideea că toate faptele psihice au semnificaţie, sens, şi se conectează la activitatea diurnă, chiar dacă într-o manieră mai puţin vizibilă. Contrar opiniei generale a lumii ştiinţifice a epocii sale, pentru Freud visul este o activitate psihică coerentă, care poate face obiectul unei analize profunde.

Tag-uri: psihanaliza, freud
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